Four Types of Yeongju Guide Map:
Regeneration-History-Living Environment-Culture and Sports
Unlike major cities, most small and medium cities in Korea are experiencing a decrease in population, economic stagnation and severe urban environment deterioration due to the decentralization and reorganization of urban functions. To overcome these issues, these cities are trying to bring about a paradigm shift by changing its old top-down physical development and maintenance approach with a more integrated and collaborative bottom-up city management system. As an Urban-Rural Integrated city, Yeongju City’s development prioritizes both urban and rural development policies equally. To create a better urban environment, Yeongju City has proposed a public building improvement policy as a solution to prevent urban crowding, a typical metropolitan issue, while simultaneously encouraging residents to stay in rural areas. By introducing many high quality public spaces to enrich life for the locals, the city is taking measures to stop population outflow to bigger cities and to grow into a sustainable city. This process involves active collaboration with private experts to solidify its urban construction management system.
After establishing a ‘Public Architecture System’ in 2009, the city founded an ‘Urban Design Improvement Bureau’ in 2010 and proposed an urban regeneration plan and a public building and design management system. The ‘Urban Design Improvement Bureau’ is now operating under the new name ‘Urban Architecture Improvement Bureau’ and promoting the qualitative improvement of architectural and urban spaces, especially for public buildings or design projects. The ultimate goal is to increase the city’s competitiveness as well as quality of life for its locals.
The city’s Urban Architecture Improvement Bureau cooperates with private experts for urban regeneration, researching and implementing best practices for the use and stewardship of historical and cultural assets and the improvement of cultural, sports and living environments to achieve the qualitative improvement of its public buildings. A professional coordinator is assigned to each project and examines the compatibility of urban development projects of other bureaus, the urban and landscape master plans of the city and the master plans of major public buildings.
The public building management system of Yeongju City is based on a thorough plan established over a long period of time. In 2007, the city established a development and implementation strategy for public architecture improvement policies and conducted a study on the integration of public buildings to improve the quality of those spaces. Phase 1 was an old town center urban design project led by the government to initiate public participation. In 2009, after commissioning a study of urban regeneration programs for Yeongju City’, Yeongju City became the first city in Korea to propose regional architectural design standards. In 2012, the city enacted an ‘ordinance on landscape and design’ and went through all the formalities to establish the public building management system. Phase 2, which began in 2013, is a regeneration design project of the town center, led by the public and supported by the government. In Phase 2, the city will continue to bend its efforts towards ensuring the mutual growth of urban and rural areas. From now on, through Phase 3, it will work hard to ensure mutual growth of urban and rural areas. Lastly, the city plans to expand systems for the Urban Architecture Improvement Bureau and private experts to co-operate to improve prosperity for the citizens of Yeongju. This can be used as a good model for public building management, not only for Yeongju but for any small and medium provincial cities in Korea.
I know that this feature introduces Yeongju’s public buildings sorted by category;regeneration, history, housing environment and culture and sports. Consequently, the feature will become a good travel guide for Yeongju’s urban architectures. written by Do Hyunhak (professor, Youngnam University)